Category: On the Road with the Grape Guy
(August 26, 2020) ... With 135+ year history Trapiche continues to make a wide range of interesting wines from different areas of Argentina. They use the fruit from 300 growers and source fruit from 1,000 hectares of vineyard. Trapiche has the belief that old vineyards are the key to their success.
The reason for this seminar was to highlight the third most planted red variety in Argentina: Cabernet Sauvignon (Malbec being number one and Bonarda number two). The breakdown of fruit origin is 77% of their grapes come from Mendoza, 10% San Juan and 5% from La Rioja and 8% other.
The interesting note about Cabernet Sauvignon in Argentina is how new plantings and re-plantings of the grape are being moved to cooler regions. There is also a move afoot to use less oak, larger barrels and earlier harvesting … in the hopes for freshness over maturity; the best Cabernet Sauvignon in the country grows between 900 and 1000 m above sea level.
The Wines …
2019 Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve ($12.95 - #614669)
Sweet red fruited with notes of spice – simple yet tasty, priced right for what it is. Rating: ***+
2018 Cabernet Sauvignon Broquel
Fruit for this wine comes from the Uco Valley spending 15 months in French oak with 50% wild fermentation … Dark fruit and slightly smoky notes with hints of white pepper – concentrated notes of cassis, blackberry and cedar follow through on the finish. Rating: *** ½
2017 Cabernet Sauvignon Medalla ($17.00 - #568865)
A three-region Cabernet that was designed and created for the winery’s 100th anniversary (in 1983), in the beginning it was Cabernet Sauvignon blended with Merlot and Malbec, but three years ago they changed it to 100% Cabernet Sauvignon and now is also 100% wild yeast fermented. Herbal, smoky, dark fruit with peppery notes along with cassis, blackberry, leather and mocha … The acidity offers great balance and punch. Rating: ****
2016 Cabernet Sauvignon Gran Medalla ($26.95 - #13608)
Aged in oak for 18 months this Cabernet Sauvignon, grown in the Uco Valley, is rich on dark fruit while layering in white smoke, hints of peppery-smoked meat, blackberry, mocha, black cherry and even some floral elements. There are also soft silky tannins and a lovely note of coffee bean on the finish. This wine is just in its "youth", if you’re willing to wait a few years for it to fully develop you'll be in for an even greater surprise, but it does drink exceptionally well right now. Drink: 2020-2027. Rating: ****+
Category: On the Road with the Grape Guy
(July 2020) ... My first virtual tasting of 2020 was a “Zoom Tasting” for the VSPT Group of wines called: A Virtual Masterclass: Regionality in Chile Through VSPT Wine Group’s Premium Brands. The tasting consisted of nine wines from Vina Leyda and Vina San Pedro, hosted by their three chief winemakers: Viviana Navarrete (Vina Leyda), Matias Cruzat (Vina San Pedro 1865) and Gabriel Mustakis (Vina San Pedro Fine Wine division).
As with most Chilean focused events they always start with the facts and figures about the country:
The country is 4329 km long and boasts a wide variety of climates. Vineyards lie, from north to south, 24° to 40° south latitude and the diversity in climate ranges from Mediterranean (cold, warm and hot) to desert (arid to semi-arid) cold to hot. Diversity is definitely the name of the game in Chile. The country continues to grow its plantings in regions from north to south with names from A (Atacama) to V (Valparaiso); since 2009 to 2018 the increase has been +25,667 hectares across all red varieties and key white varieties (Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc). Chilean producers continue to learn about their country, it’s regionality and what grows best where. What is nice to know is that old dogs in Chile are still interested in new tricks: a company, like Vina San Pedro, with over 150 years under its belt, is not just sitting on its laurels, but takes the history it has and realizes it has some learning to do … and does. That’s a huge positive for continuing to grow their industry.
Vina San Pedro …
Founded in 1865 (which is where the line of Vina San Pedro 1865 wines takes its name) in the Curico Valley. They export to over 80 countries and have plantings of over 2400+ hectares spread over the most important viticultural regions of Chile, and even some minor ones. They have learned the best valleys for certain varieties for use in their best wines: Maule Valley for Carmenere, Maipo Valley for Cabernet Sauvignon and Elqui Valley for Syrah.
The Estate Vineyard for San Pedro is located 110 km south of the Chilean capital of Santiago, it has a 90 hectare planting with five varieties. It lies 500m above sea level, gets 300 to 450 mm of rainfall per year, and 1800 growing degree days (a measure of heat accumulation).
Vina Leyda & The Leyda Valley (Why There?) …
Within the Leyda Valley there are 1900 hectares planted with 10 producers; it is considered a cool climate valley and is compared to such growing area as Sancerre, Marlborough, Cote-du-Nuits, Salem (Oregon) and even Niagara-on-the-Lake … yet with less rainfall (250 mm / year), higher average temperature (13°C) and growing degree days less than four of the other five, including Niagara-on-the-Lake. With all these comparisons you can see why the Leyda Valley is good for cool climate loving varieties like Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir.
Vina Leyda sits on the west side of the coastal mountain range, four kilometres from the Pacific Ocean and 40 km Southwest of Casablanca / 95 km west of Santiago (for those who know their map of Chile). Vina Leyda was the first to plant vines in the valley (1998) and were the first to release a wine under with the Aconcagua Valley DO regionality on the label (think of the DO as the same as the AOC in France and DOC in Italy). Today they have 164 hectares planted.
The Wines Across the Properties …
(in alphabetical order, arranged by year)
Vina Leyda 2016 Kadun Sauvignon Gris, Single Vineyard (coming to LCBO in 2021)
Described as being “between Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay” and is a clonal mutation of Sauvignon Blanc found primarily in Bordeaux and Chile. This has a nice rich mouthfeel with notes of ginger and subtle white fruits and a spicy kick on the finish. (*** ½+)
Vina Leyda 2016 Pinot Noir Lot 21
There’s a little bit of everything when it comes to the winemaking of this wine: whole cluster, barrel age, concrete age, no toast, you name the procedure it was probably used. As for what it has derived there’s an earthy, smoky, peppery nose which leads to a palate that has much of the same, plus there are some black cherry and cran-cherry notes. The finish is smoky and earthy. (*** ½)
Vina Leyda 2018 Garuma Sauvignon Blanc, Single Vineyard ($16.95 - #99309)
Lots of grassy, herbal notes on the nose with some green pepper backing, it has a much rounder mouthfeel than one would expect, plus all that grassy/herbal of Sauvignon Blanc comes through while the acidity seemed to be softed. (***+)
Vina San Pedro 2016 Altair
A blend of primarily Cabernet Sauvignon (78%) with Cabernet Franc (13%) and Syrah (9%) adding some much-needed seasoning; aged 16 months in French oak, of which 50% is new. The nose kicks off with that very Chilean note of mint along with blackberry and smoke. The palate is smooth upon entry with a little spicy and tannin bite back on the finish. Mid-palate is where the action is: spiced black chery, smoked-plum and Christmas spices mix with that minty note, blueberry skin and some bittersweet chocolate. This is one to hold a few years or enjoy over the course of an evening where you can watch it open up. (****+)
Vina San Pedro 2017 Cabo de Hornos Cabernet Sauvignon
18 months of barrel age, 50% new, and aged a further 8 months in bottle before release. Smooth and silky on the palate with lots of dark fruit and pepper; the nose is loaded with mint and black cherry while the finish wraps the whole thing together in a lovely combined package of black cherry, chocolate and mint. (****+)
Vina San Pedro 2018 Carmenere, 1865 Selected Vineyards ($19.95 – #249201)
Taken from 15-year-old vines (average) and aged using 90% French and 10% American oak – this wine has a pretty floral, graphite and smoky note with cassis, red peppercorns and a touch of herbal all balanced by nice acidity. (*** ½+)
Vina San Pedro 2018 Sauvignon Blanc, 1865 Selected Vineyards ($18.95 - #375212)
The nose does not take on the usual Sauv Blanc character, this one leans a little herbal, eucalyptus and even has a hint of pronounced basil; the palate is a savoury selection of notes with stone fruit (ie. peaches and nectarines) plus some lime zest – the grassy (if even there) is so in the background it’s barely noticeable. (*** ½)
Vina San Pedro 2018 Sideral ($27.95)
A blend of primarily Cabernet Sauvignon (72%) with Syrah (18%), Cabernet Franc (4%), Petit Verdot and Carmenere (3% each) – this wine screams Chile to me with its minty character that hits right from the start both on the nose and palate; lots of red fruit plus the addition of subtle black and blue fruits and a nice mineral note … nothing weighs the wine down it, it is fresh, fruity, lively and a pure pleasure to drink. (****)
Vina San Pedro 2018 Syrah, 1865 Desert Valley Selected Collection
This was not what I expected but is definitely a delicious bottle of wine. It kicks off with a silky-smooth entry but ends with a peppery kick. On the mid-palate you’ll find blackberry, cassis, black cherry, dark cranberry and a shake of white pepper. The acidity keeps the sweet middle in check and as it opens there are hints of mocha and licorice that are able to slip in for added complexity. (****+)